Reference > Script steps reference > Miscellaneous script steps > Execute SQL
Execute SQL
Executes any SQL statement on an ODBC data source.
See also 
Execute SQL [With dialog: On/Off; ODBC: <datasource name>; <native SQL
or calculated SQL>
With dialog specifies whether to display the Specify SQL dialog box, the Select ODBC Data Source dialog box, and the dialog box for entering a password when the script step is performed.
ODBC Data Source displays the Select ODBC Data Source dialog box. Select a data source from the list, click OK, and enter a valid user name and password.
Note  Select Save user name and password if you set With dialog to Off, or users may be unable to access your data source.
Calculated SQL text specifies a calculation to use as the SQL query.
SQL text lets you manually enter a SQL query statement.
Where the script step runs 
FileMaker Pro 
FileMaker Server 
FileMaker Go 
Custom Web Publishing 
FileMaker WebDirect 
Runtime solution 
Originated in 
FileMaker Pro 6.0 or earlier
You can use this script step to manage data in an ODBC data source through an ODBC SQL interface. This provides more control over the FileMaker Pro interaction with ODBC data sources. You can add multiple Execute SQL steps to a script.
Important  See Get functions for information about error handling.
Get(LastExternalErrorDetail) function returns the latest error state returned by ODBC.
Get(LastError) function returns the last FileMaker Pro error.
SQL statements are limited to a maximum length of 256 K characters (512 KB).
FileMaker Server, FileMaker WebDirect, and Custom Web Publishing support this script only if the With dialog option is set to Off.
If you use the Execute SQL script step to send ODBC data that contains Unicode strings, your ODBC driver must support Unicode. Otherwise, the results may be inconsistent.
ODBC import, the Execute SQL script step, and external SQL data sources are not supported in runtime solutions created with FileMaker Pro Advanced.
Because Microsoft SQL Server supports both Unicode and non-Unicode field types, you must prefix all Unicode strings with an uppercase “N” (which stands for “National” in the SQL-92 standard). Otherwise, when a Unicode string containing non-English characters is passed to Microsoft SQL Server, you may lose any data that doesn’t exist in the Microsoft SQL Server code page.
Example 1 
Updates records in the Employees table of an external ODBC data source.
Execute SQL [With dialog: On; SQL Text: INSERT INTO Employees (EmployeeID, FirstName, LastName, Title, WorkPhone, Salary) VALUES (100, N'Joe', N'Smith', N'Software Engineer', '987-7000', 100000) UPDATE Employees SET Title = N'Manager' WHERE EmployeeID = 103 DELETE FROM Employees WHERE EmployeeID = 103]
Example 2 
Calculates and performs an SQL statement to update records in the Customers table of an external ODBC data source.
Execute SQL [With dialog: On; Calculated SQL Text: "INSERT INTO Customers (Company, LastName) VALUES (" & Customers::Company & "," & "N'" & Customers::Last & "')"]
Related topics 
Script steps reference (alphabetical list)
Script steps reference (category list)